The selected psychosocial risk factors in the development of personality disorders in a group of Polish young adults

Danuta Ochojska, Jacek Pasternak

Department of Psychology, University of Rzeszów, Poland

DOI 10.36148/2284-0249-406


In literature, several groups of risk factors for psychiatric disorders are usually found, among them individual experiences, cultural influences, social relationships and social resources. Our considerations focus on a number of selected family conditions relevant to the process of formation of personality disorders.


A group 387 students revealing the traits of personality disorders participated in our study. The researchers took advantage of the following research techniques: self-constructed questionnaire, Retrospective Evaluation of Parental Attitudes Questionnaire 1 and a Structured Clinical Interview for investigating personality disorders SCID-II 2. 


Four types of family relations were distinguished which may either have an impact on the development of healthy personality (tolerant parents) or imply the appearance of personality disorders (intolerant, passive, uninvolved and incoherent parents). People with abnormalities in their personality development significantly more frequently assessed the atmosphere in their families of origin as abnormal. Three types of disorders were significantly more common in men than in women. These were the histrionic (p < 0.038), narcissistic (p < 0.004) and antisocial personality (p < 0.001) disorders.


Our research confirmed a vital significance of the specificity of parental influence on the development of personality disorders.

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